While nearly all of the 2016 SmartMarket Report survey respondents (97%) indicated that their companies provide environmental health and safety (EH&S) training, fewer (87%) stated that their companies require all of jobsite workers to have basic EH&S training. Regardless of the employer offering or requiring training courses, an ongoing and effective training program can make a huge difference between a measurable presence of a safety culture, or just an image of one.
Measurement of Safety Training Program Success
According to Paul Colangelo, STS, CHST, CET and National Director of Compliance Programs at ClickSafety, health and safety training programs should pass the DROME test measurement:
- Defensible: Are you prepared to defend your program under any worse case scenario?
- Recognized: Are your programs home grown or based on industry regulations and standards?
- Ongoing: Is it one and done, or is there regiment and schedule? What about incident follow up?
- Measureable: Is reduction in incidents clearly resulting from effective training or plain luck?
- Effective: Is there a distinctive culture change in workforce behavior and awareness following the training?
Training Requirements for Supervisors and Jobsite Workers
Managers and supervisors are vital to training program success, as they are the front lines of feedback and role models for all jobsite workers. The 2016 SmartMarket Report findings demonstrated that “basic safety and health training is more likely to be required of supervisors (91%) than it is of jobsite workers (87%).” While the industry is clearly shifting its focus to increasingly engage jobsite workers in safety practices, safety training requirements don’t seem to keep pace with such trends and tend to rely heavily on management leadership, showing room for improvement.
Effective EH&S Training Fundamentals
The ADDIE model framework, developed in the mid-1980s, describes the five step process that instructional designers and trainers often use to build an effective training program:
Analyze => Design => Develop => Implement => Evaluate
Regulations and standards, such as the OSHA 2254, Training Requirements in OSHA Standards, might specify safety topics that must be covered in a training course, but not how to design an effective training program. Hence, the ANSI- Z490.1- Criteria for Accepted Practices in Safety, Health and Environmental Training was developed and established by a ASSE (American Society of Safety Engineers) / ANSI (American National Standards Institute) task force to guide safety leaders through that process. The ANSI-Z490.1 combines accepted practices in the training industry with those in safety, health and environmental industries. The standard details trainer criteria: those with subject matter expertise and training delivery skills appropriate for adult learning. It stresses the importance of continuous training evaluation and effectiveness measurement based on test results, student feedback, and post learning observations. To achieve that, safety and health training programs must have documentation and record keeping tools in place. All of the above components must be considered when companies structure EH&S training program.
For more information on the eight adult learning principles, ANSI Z490.1 standard details, and EH&S training program tips, download our free whitepaper: